All About Estates

Category: Contracts

Total 22 Posts

Legislative Amendments Proposed in Light of Calmusky

On March 16, 2020, the Superior Court of Ontario released its decision in Calmusky v Calmusky. In Calmusky, the Court applied the presumption of resulting trust to a RIF that was designated to a particular beneficiary. The beneficiary was unable to rebut the presumption, and the Court ordered that funds…

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Constructive Trust and Proprietary Estoppel – Built With Your Own Hands

Families often fall into patterns and routines; they are comfortable, stable, and predictable. They can also give rise to legal rights over land. The extent and enforceability of those rights will be put to the test following death or divorce. Such was the case in Tomek v Zabukovec, 2020 ONSC…

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From e-Wills to Blockchain Estates

This blog was written by Isabelle Cadotte – Estate and Trust Consultant with Scotia Wealth Management One of the silver linings of the pandemic has been our collective rethinking of how we work and our willingness to embrace technology that helps us stay connected and work smarter. From remotely sworn…

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Hidden Fees – A Breach of Trust

Registered accounts are often set up as express trust accounts, with the bank acting as trustee and the account holder as beneficiary. In these cases, banks are subject to all the same fiduciary duties and responsibilities that apply to all trustees – meaning they cannot charge hidden fees.

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When is a Dividend Not a Dividend?

In Trower v. the Queen, 2019 TCC 77, the Company was privately held by the taxpayer and her spouse (49% and 51% respectively) until the taxpayer ceased to be shareholder in the Fall of 2016, pursuant to a separation agreement between the spouses. The company prepared and filed a T5…

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Alberta’s Supported Decision-Making Authorizations

This blog was written by Isabelle Cadotte – Estate and Trust Consultant with Scotia Wealth Management We’re all familiar with Wills, Enduring Powers of Attorney and Personal Directives but have you heard of Supported Decision-Making Authorizations (SDMAs)? SDMAs are available in Alberta for adult individuals who have mental capacity but…

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Grammar saves lives

  In this week’s blog I’m going to try to do the impossible; make syntax and legal drafting interesting. Why? One comma can be the difference between life and death. It’s the difference between: Let’s eat Grandma! and Let’s eat, Grandma! Legalese, not so easy In the context of an…

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AGREEMENT RECTIFICATION APPLIED FOR AND ALLOWED!

Due in particular to the outcome of some recent court cases, many have feared that formal applications to rectify plans would receive a favorable hearing only in the event of obvious clerical errors in the documentation. However a recent court case in the Supreme Court of British Columbia demonstrated that…

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Separation Agreements, Support Obligations, and Summary Judgment

Separation agreements commonly include a requirement that one of the spouses maintains a life insurance policy in favour of the other in order to “secure” support payments (either child support or spousal support). It is equally as common to find out, on the death of the supposedly insured spouse, that…

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SHAREHOLDERS AGREEMENTS, EXIT PROVISIONS AND THE IMPACT OF CONTROL

Control is an important concept for applying certain income tax rules and valuation issues (amongst others) when dealing with corporations, with serious implications to current and future (and estate) planning scenarios. De jure control refers to legal control of a corporation, which requires a look at shareholdings. Control in fact,…

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