All About Estates

Category: Trusts

Total 157 Posts

The evolution of trust drafting

A trust indenture established today looks nothing like a trust indenture established 10 or 20 years ago. The evolution of trust drafting, and the rigid legalese once used for trusts has given way to language that better anticipates the myriad of potential scenarios typically faced by today’s clients. This evolution…

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How much security is enough?

With real estate prices soaring, it’s no surprise that property is often at the heart of estate litigation. Certificates of pending litigation (CPLs) are a common tool used to ensure that a disputed property is not sold before the litigation is resolved. If the parties agree to remove a CPL…

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A family trust and its beneficiaries – think twice before including your niece or nephew

Discretionary family trusts used to be a staple in most private company corporate structures. The income splitting benefits were obvious, and professionals were more than happy to implement a family trust in almost any corporate structure. The popularity of using family trusts eventually led to complacency from some professionals in…

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Evidence of Contempt – More than Hearsay

If alleging contempt, more than hearsay evidence is required.

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Bare trusts – we have to do what now?

On February 4, 2022, exactly 1,438 days after the original draft legislation was introduced in the 2018 Federal Budget, the Department of Finance (Finance) released revised draft legislation[1] for beneficial ownership reporting for trusts. This revised draft legislation contained two significant changes: Effective date was changed to taxation years that…

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Proving Charitable Purposes

Charitable purpose trusts are given special status in the law. While most other types of trusts must have a clear end date, charitable purpose trusts may live forever. All other types of trusts have to have specific and defined beneficiaries, yet charitable purpose trusts may exist in order to further…

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Valuation for Estate Planning – Some Hard Lessons

In a recent case in Tax Court, Lauria v HMQ 2021 TCC 66, the taxpayers, both officers and directors of a company held shares in the company as a result of employee share option agreements granted to them.  In early 2006, the company founders decided to pursue an initial public…

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OAS Planning

The Old Age Security (“OAS”) pension is a monthly payment you can get if you are 65 years of age or older. In many cases, Service Canada will automatically enroll you in the year prior to your 65th birthday. To the occasional surprise of some folks, the receipt of OAS…

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Beneficial ownership reporting – don’t rush to wind-up the trust

Proposed trust reporting rules I have read a number of articles published throughout 2021 stating that the new proposed trust reporting rules are coming.  Under the proposed new trust reporting rules, express trusts are required to report the beneficial ownership information to Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and unless the Department…

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The Chronicles of an Estate Plan: The Settlor, the Kids and the Cottage

Alter-ego and joint-spousal[1] trusts are inter-vivos trusts commonly used in estate plans to hold legal title of assets for the benefit of the individual and/or their spouse, prior to death, accomplishing some of the following benefits: avoiding probate, providing privacy, expediency of inheritance distribution, and minimization of legal challenge on…

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