All About Estates

John Oakey

Total 21 Posts Website
National Tax Director for Baker Tilly Canada. John has extensive experience with Canadian corporate and personal income taxes with specialization in the areas of corporate reorganizations, estate planning, succession planning and tax compliance. He also has significant experience dealing with GST/HST issues and U.S. citizen cross-border tax reporting issues.

A family trust and its beneficiaries – think twice before including your niece or nephew

Discretionary family trusts used to be a staple in most private company corporate structures. The income splitting benefits were obvious, and professionals were more than happy to implement a family trust in almost any corporate structure. The popularity of using family trusts eventually led to complacency from some professionals in…

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Crypto assets – Canadian or foreign – it matters!

Crypto assets are intangible digital assets that exist on a decentralized network through distributed ledger technology (DLT) – such as blockchain. A distributed ledger is a type of database that stores electronic records shared and replicated across many locations in numerous countries and maintained by a peer-to-peer world-wide decentralized network….

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Bare trusts – we have to do what now?

On February 4, 2022, exactly 1,438 days after the original draft legislation was introduced in the 2018 Federal Budget, the Department of Finance (Finance) released revised draft legislation[1] for beneficial ownership reporting for trusts. This revised draft legislation contained two significant changes: Effective date was changed to taxation years that…

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Preferred shares – Liability or equity?

There has been significant debate over the years regarding the financial statement presentation of redeemable or mandatorily retractable shares (RoMRS) as either a liability or equity. First, a bit of background When Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises (ASPE) were issued in 2011, it was determined that RoMRS should continue to…

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Designating a successor for the TFSA

Designating the surviving spouse or common-law partner as the successor holder of the Tax Free Savings Account “TFSA” simplifies the administration of transferring the account upon the death of the decedent.  A successor holder may only be a spouse or common-law partner. All provinces and territories in Canada, except Quebec,…

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Beneficial ownership reporting – don’t rush to wind-up the trust

Proposed trust reporting rules I have read a number of articles published throughout 2021 stating that the new proposed trust reporting rules are coming.  Under the proposed new trust reporting rules, express trusts are required to report the beneficial ownership information to Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and unless the Department…

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The executor’s year – taxation “not made” simple

Determining the bearer of the tax burden on income earned in an individual’s estate is not as simple as one might think. There are some basic taxation rules that apply to an estate which result in either the estate or the beneficiaries becoming ultimately liable for the tax. The tax…

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The Chronicles of an Estate Plan: The Settlor, the Kids and the Cottage

Alter-ego and joint-spousal[1] trusts are inter-vivos trusts commonly used in estate plans to hold legal title of assets for the benefit of the individual and/or their spouse, prior to death, accomplishing some of the following benefits: avoiding probate, providing privacy, expediency of inheritance distribution, and minimization of legal challenge on…

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Pipeline planning and the dangers of subsection 84(2)

In 1789, Benjamin Franklin, one of the founding fathers of the United States Constitution, provided the world with this great quote, “nothing is certain except death and taxes”. In 2021, John Oakey, the founding father of three Oakey children, is providing the world (or at least anyone reading this blog)…

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Tax planning in uncertain times

Tax planning can be very complicated with an Income Tax Act (“Act”) consisting of over 1.1 million words. This is a far cry from the original 4,000 words of the Act’s predecessor, Income War Tax Act[1], which was originally enacted as a temporary measure in 1917. The more than 3,000…

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