I recently went looking for information to assist wine and spirit collectors with their estate planning. To my surprise there is little material online. It’s easy to uncovered truth by drinking wine – “in vivo veritas” – but much harder to find a comprehensive Canadian resource about estate planning for collectors.
After meditating on this paucity over a bottle of Okanagan pinot noir that I found in my cellar (well, basement cupboard), I decided a blog was in order. Here are a few issues to consider:
1. Personal Property
Wine and spirits are personal property, but the tax treatment depends on the value and intent of the collection. There are three categories.
- Garden variety wine and spirits. If a few bottles left over at death, great, enjoy at a wake or funeral. The plonk is not worth planning for, nor including in an estate asset list. CRA has little interest.
- Collections with value under $1,000. Here the personal-use property rules apply. The adjusted cost base of the collection is assumed to be $1,000, hence no tax would be owing.
- Collections over $1,000 of fine quality wine or spirits would be considered listed personal property and capital gains tax would apply. Listed personal property is assumed to increase in value over time, and thus likely to be associated with higher quality bottles. The taxpayer must track cost base, which is often a challenge in an estate.
Consult with a qualified tax professional about valuable collections, as there is a lot more to the subject that can be addressed here.
Fine wine and spirits have value in the bottle, but they are consumables. The history of war is a chronicle of plundered wine cellars and wild bacchanalian parties. For executors unauthorized consumption can be a threat. Security should not be taken for granted.
Easily transported, wine and spirits can sprout legs. Inventory and locks are essential precautions.
Wine spoils if heated, frozen or subject to excess humidity or dryness. A liability for executors is ensuring a fine wine collection is stored under ideal circumstances. Not all wines age well and inventory must be managed (i.e. consumed). Spirits, thankfully, are stable.
Wine and liquor is a controlled substance in Canada and may be subject to excise tax when transported across a border. A secondary market exists but is limited in scope. For example, the auction house Waddingtons has regular wine and spirit auctions. Various wine collector advisors , storage firms and dealers have sprung up, and there is a private trade if you go looking. One such firm is Iron Gate Wine.
Popular culture is filled with lurid stories of wine fraud. The ingredients? The wrong wine, the right bottle, and a good story told by a charming fraud artist. The documentary film Sour Grapes has become a classic of the genre. The books In Vivino Duplicitas and Billionaires Vinegar are great reads, but represent executor nightmares.
There are a number of Canadian charities that accept donations of wine for fundraising auctions. Tax receipts are issued for fair market value. This provides an outlet for executors and beneficiaries to unload stock, help charities, and pick up good bottles at decent prices. Donations tend to be one-offs, not planned estate donations.
Finally, there is wine social media. Check out the app Vivino. It’s ideal for anyone who has a hard time remembering what they drank last week and also for those who wish to connect with a knowledgeable worldwide community of winos.