All About Estates

Tag: Brittany Sud

Total 9 Posts

Tidbits from the CRA

Earlier this week I had the pleasure of attending STEP Canada’s 19th National Conference, where I, along with over 700 other trust and estates professionals from across Canada, had the opportunity to hear from engaging and thought-provoking speakers on a diverse range of trust and estates topics. One of the…

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Separation and Divorce: Implications

In Ontario, there are significant implications when a couple (both common-law and married) separates and when a couple divorces. As more and more couples live in common-law relationships as well as the rate of divorce in this day and age, it is important to consider the following implications.  Separation –…

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The Intersection between Family Law and Estates Law

The Family Law Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. F.3 provides that when a spouse dies and the surviving spouse’s net family property[1] is less than the net family property of the deceased spouse, the surviving spouse may elect to take one-half of the difference between the net family property of the…

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Budget 2017 – Ecological Gifts Program

On March 22, 2017 (“Budget Day”), the Federal Government tabled the second budget (“Budget 2017”). While Budget 2017 focuses on building and supporting a strong middle class and economic growth, there are no new tax incentives for the charity and not-for-profit sector. The most significant development to the charity and…

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Mutual Wills versus Reciprocal Wills

In the Ontario Superior Court decision, Lavoie and Trudel, 2016 ONSC 4141 (“Lavoie and Trudel”), the court was tasked with determining the validity of a will made on December 5, 2007 (the “2007 Will”) by the deceased, Lucien Trudel (“Lucien”), following his wife, Madeleine Denis’ (“Madeleine”) death.  Among the issues…

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When is a Settlement Considered Binding and Enforceable?

In the recent decision of Prince v Nytschyk Estate, 2016 ONSC 7459, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice enforced a settlement despite the lack of signed minutes of settlement at the time of death of one of the parties. In this case, Cherie Lewicki (“Cherie”) and Joseph Nytschyk (“Joseph”) were in a common-law relationship for about 15 years, during which time they lived together in a house in Joseph’s name alone. Joseph died intestate (without a Will) in 2013 and Cherie continued to live in the house until her death in 2015. Before her death, Cherie commenced a claim for dependent’s relief against Joseph’s estate. As part of her claim, Cherie sought a declaration that the house was held in trust for her based on a resulting or constructive trust. With the estate’s potentially significant exposure to a dependant’s support claim, the parties agreed to a settlement whereby the house would be transferred to Cherie. However, prior to the completion of any signed minutes of settlement, Cherie unexpectedly died.

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Charitable Donation Tax Credits – When Can They Be Utilized?

Many individuals make donations to charities in their Wills. Not only does this fulfill philanthropic goals, but it also provides a tax benefit. Making a charitable gift by will provides donation tax credits which can be used to offset the deemed disposition of capital property that occurs on death.

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Testamentary Trusts – Are they Dead?

Dating back to the 12th century when the English court of equity created the concept of the “use”, which in modern day is known as the “trust”, trusts have been an important tool in estate planning for both tax and non-tax reasons. Prior to January 1, 2016, testamentary trusts had enhanced tax benefits for purposes of incorporating into an estate plan. Effective January 1, 2016, changes to the Income Tax Act (the “ITA”) eliminated one of these enhanced tax benefits that testamentary trusts offered, leading practitioners to ask whether testamentary trusts continue to serve a purpose in a individual’s estate plan.

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Medical Assistance in Dying – Where Are We Now?

Since February 6, 2015 when the Supreme Court of Canada decided in Carter v Canada, 2015 SCC 5 to strike down the ban on assisted dying in the Criminal Code, RSC 1985, c C-46 as being unconstitutional, the government was obligated to legislate who would be eligible to obtain medical assistance in dying, what safeguards ought to be followed to ensure that vulnerable individuals would be protected and to create a system that would monitor accountability, transparency and public trust. After much discussion and consultation on the controversial legislation, on June 17, 2016, Bill C-14 received Royal Assent.

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