All About Estates

Month: October 2017

Total 13 Posts

Latin Terms, “Per Stirpes” and “Per Capita”, Still Present in Wills

Estate planners commonly use the Latin term, “per stirpes”, when drafting wills, but most lay people have no idea what the term even means. This arcane term differs from the less commonly used, but still present, Latin term, “per capita”.  It is important to understand the difference between these two…

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The Living Hands that Control the Graves

As a law student, my trust law professor brought in a “dead hand” to help us remember the rule against perpetuities. The prop was effective: I have not forgotten that the rule stops trust property from being governed indefinitely from “beyond the grave.” While principles of trust law helpfully prevent…

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55(2) and Pipeline Planning

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) was asked to comment on the application of subsection 55(2) of the Income Tax Act to a hypothetical pipeline plan implemented on or after the date of death.  Their answer was both comforting and not surprising. When engaged, subsection 55(2) has the effect of converting…

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Technology Aids and Aging At Home

If you ask anyone where they would like to live when older, most would say that they want to remain living in their own homes- for as long as possible. What does ‘for as long as possible’ mean? Most times in means that the older individual is able to remain…

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Enhancing the Succession Process – Engaging a Family Business Facilitator

In my last blog I spoke about one of the biggest risks to the successful transition of a family business – poor communication among family members. Related to this is family dynamics.  It is often thought that one of the best ways to address this risk, is to involve the…

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A True Heartbreaker

This Blog was written by: Liz Bozek   As you have undoubtedly heard, Tom Petty died on October 2nd after suffering a massive heart attack. He was rushed to hospital and placed on life support but, after doctors discovered no signs of brain activity, the decision was made to remove life…

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Death Starts the Clock Ticking on the Limitation Period for Contribution and Indemnity Claims

Conflicting Limitation Periods In Ontario, as in other Canadian jurisdictions, various statutes establish limitation periods within which an injured party can commence a claim against a wrongdoer, including against the estate of a deceased wrongdoer. Under sections 4 and 5 of the Limitations Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 24 ,…

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Individual Pension Plans Revisited

A fellow blogger wrote very eloquently late last week about succession planning for family owned businesses. Regrettably, as she noted the statistics for the successful transfer of family businesses are not very good. With the introduction of the new tax proposals, the challenge for a successful transfer of business to…

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Succession Planning

In this blog I’d like to remind readers that the idea of “keeping it in the family” is still the most common response business owners provide when asked what they would like to see happen to their business after they have passed away. In fact, many business owners initially think…

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Protecting Charitable Interests

Are charities in a will easier to challenge when there are more than five entities named?   This topic came up at a recent lunch with estate planning and litigation colleagues.  One told a cautionary tale of a large estate that was litigated away from a dozen named charities.  The charities…

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